When traveling always a good idea to plan ahead. Look at all the place around where you will be staying. To get best rate always remember to shop around. Not just on one site but on many different sites. Even the ones that compare everything side to side do not always just trust those. Look around you will never know where a good deal will come from. Also biggest tip when traveling do not carry any important paper work with you aka social security card. I have come to find out many people for some odd reason always have it in their purse or wallet. With that said leave it at home! And if you can depending where you are traveling to wait until you get to your destination to get the country's currency. Unless you know rates and are keeping track of currency exchanges and know what you are doing then you can probably just do it whenever. I found it easiest to get some here in the states and the rest where ever I might be going.
Also know you seasons and best and worst times to go. Depending where you are going fall or winter might be the best season and summer the worst. Or depending on what you are looking to do in that area. Some places in summer like Switzerland are best during winter and great to relax during the summer. Or Germany I find it best to go during fall for the festivals like October Fest. Different countries have different things going on during different times of the year. Do your research to find out the best times to be there.
Also make sure if your going abroad to get your passport way ahead of time. It takes 6 months to a year to get and some times a bit longer depending on your situation. I have heard people getting them a lot sooner or later again just give yourself a lot of time so you don't rush and stress out. That way you can focus on the trip and not getting the passport.
Tipping in different countries:
Here is a good picture I have found that is good guide to how to tip in different countries. When going to a different country it is always good to do a little research before going.
- Travel docs (passport, credit card, ID)
- 2 pairs of shorts
- 2 T-shirts
- 2 pairs underwear
- swim trunks
- 1 book
- journal and pen
- camera, charger
- Pack as light as possible. Ask the simple question: “Do I want it or do I need it and if I need it am I will to cart it around?” There is little you really need when you travel.
- Travel with a light backpack. If you are moving between places, backpacks leave your hands free to hold their hands.
- Pack just a few clothes with only a couple complimentary, solid colors — no patterns. Black is a good idea if you need to be able to dress up and be casual.
- Pack only what you can carry on to the flight.
- Put everything you want to bring in a pile and slowly strip away things that aren’t necessary.
- Leave the laptop behind, as well as blackberry and any other tech gadget. For computer addicts, being away from the internet’s constant flow of data for a few days recharges and relaxes you in ways that you never experience at home.
- Bring along a small, foldable umbrella to protect against the UV rays of sunlight and possible rain.
- Most toiletries can be found easily in your destination country.
- If it’s something you think you can buy there more cheaply than at home, then don’t bring it (especially if it’s something you don’t already have).
- Bring one book, and when you’re done, find a book-exchange and trade it for a new one.
- In Asia, sarongs are a traveler’s best friend! A sarong works as a towel, a skirt, a makeshift bag, a scarf, a sheet. They’re especially good to have if you’re traveling low-budget, staying in hostels or guesthouses, which often don’t offer towels or even top sheets. The best thing is that they dry really, really quickly, even when it’s humid. A wet towel can take all day to dry in the tropics, and if you have to stuff it in your bag before it’s dry it can get all dank and midewy, and so can all your stuff.
- Get one of those totes or bags that fold up into a small package to slip into your backpack. You can use this to collect your souvenirs.Alternatively, mail your purchases home as you go. This reduces what you must carry around with you, what you have to list for customs.
- Bring old clothes and undergarments and dispose of them each day leaving more room for momentos to bring home if you choose. It also cuts down on items that need frequent washing while away.
- Take baby wipes. And lots of Ziploc bags.
- Don’t travel with anything in your pockets except your passport and wallet. You won’t have to dig everything out of your pockets every time you go through security. Sitting in the plane is a lot more comfortable as well. Make sure your wallet is in your front jeans pocket. Sitting on your wallet for long periods of time will put your back out of alignment.
- Photocopies of sections of guidebooks so at the end of a leg of trip the copy goes in the trash.
- Take a photocopy of all your credit cards, passport and any other valuable document you have. Write down the emergency phone number for each credit card beside its photocopy. Leave this with a neighbour or family member along with your itinerary. Should you have your wallet and bags stolen and be only allowed to make one phone call, call this contact person who would be able to cancel your credit cards etc. for you. Alternatively, instead of photocopying your important documents consider scanning them and mailing them to yourself. That way you can always access these documents. Another reader suggested that you should encrypt documents if you email them to yourself.
- Pack only high-tech fabrics, the kind that dry quickly so that you can do a wash in the sink. You can get away with 2 pairs of socks for a 2 week trip by rinsing out the dirty pair at night. High tech fabric means it’s dry by the next morning. Cotton will stay soggy for days.
- Tilley makes underwear you can wash in the evening, and it will be dry by morning. You only need two pair, or even one if you are sure of finding somewhere to wash it!
- Tip for quick drying: roll a towel over wet fabric,and squeeze tightly.
- Bring a small amount of foreign currency to cover incidental expenses upon arrival, then change the rest in your destination country, as exchange rates are usually more favorable.
- Don’t overplan your trip. Keep your travel itinerary fluid, so that you can soak up the atmosphere in each place. Leave room for the serendipitous and when plans don’t work out, treat it as an opportunity!
- Arrive earlier than you think is necessary — for domestic travel, try to arrive at least 2 hours before flight time; on international, make it three. This reduces the stress of waiting in a long security line as the time of your departure inches ever closer, and those desperate rushes to your boarding area. Besides, a relaxing drink at one of the restaurants is a lovely way to start a vacation!
- Take time for naps. Seriously.
- Smile a lot and talk to the locals.
- Eat, eat, eat and savour the flavors.
- Don’t get caught up with sights. Plan some must-dos and leave the rest to chance.
- Wander around at night and stay open to the crazier elements of the culture.
- Get lots of massages.
- Prepare for security check in: Wear slip-on shoes; don’t wear a belt with metal; put the jacket or sweater in your carry-on before you get to security; have your electronics on the top of your carry-on along with the plastic zip-lock bag with your liquids so you don’t have to search through your bag to find them (and then repack after you go through security).
- Split your cash and financial assets up. Credit card in one pocket. Some cash in another. Some in a hidden backpack pocket. Some in your shoe(s). Some in a money belt. Go to the bathroom and enter a stall before taking out cash from any of these places.
- Don’t bring all your cash/credit cards etc. on you when you go out. Leave some in a safe at the hotel, and leave the extra credit cards back home.
- Keep a card on you featuring your embassy’s #, some local friends’ numbers.
- Get up early. In hot climates, this will help you avoid the heat of the day; in any climate, it will help you avoid the crowds and get more out of your day at a more leisurely pace. Equally, do the thing you really want to do first, as often plans go awry as the day goes on.
- You shouldn’t try and see everything in a given place. In fact, you’ll probably have a better time if you focus on meeting great people (instead of going to great places): visits to great places will naturally following if you meet the right people during your travels.
- Try to stay away from big tourist spots (unless there’s something you REALLY want to see). meeting locals, doing the things they do, and eating the things they eat always makes for a better stay. If you have any friends there, ask if you can stay with them for a short while; that would give you a true local experience.
- Sign up for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program so the State Department can better assist you in an emergency: Let us know your travel plans through the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program, a free online service a https://travelregistration.state.gov. This will help us contact you if there is a family emergency in the U.S., or if there is a crisis where you are traveling. In accordance with the Privacy Act, information on your welfare and whereabouts will not be released to others without your express authorization.
- Sign passport, and fill in the emergency information: Make sure you have a signed, valid passport, and a visa, if required, and fill in the emergency information page of your passport.
- Leave copies of itinerary and passport data page: Leave copies of your itinerary, passport data page and visas with family or friends, so you can be contacted in case of an emergency.
- Check your overseas medical insurance coverage: Ask your medical insurance company if your policy applies overseas, and if it covers emergency expenses such as medical evacuation. If it does not, consider supplemental insurance.
- Familiarize yourself with local conditions and laws: While in a foreign country, you are subject to its laws. The State Department web site athttp://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1765.html has useful safety and other information about the countries you will visit.
- Take precautions to avoid being a target of crime: To avoid being a target of crime, do not wear conspicuous clothing or jewelry and do not carry excessive amounts of money. Also, do not leave unattended luggage in public areas and do not accept packages from strangers.
- Contact US Embassies in an emergency: Consular personnel at U.S. Embassies and Consulates abroad and in the U.S. are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to provide emergency assistance to U.S. citizens. Contact information for U.S. Embassies and Consulates appears on the Bureau of Consular Affairs website at http://travel.state.gov. Also note that the Office of Overseas Citizen Services in the State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs may be reached for assistance with emergencies at 1-888-407-4747, if calling from the U.S. or Canada, or 202-501-4444, if calling from overseas.